2003 nominated for Alfred Radok Prize (for dramaturgical achievement, production of Thomas Bernhard’s play Heldenplatz [Heroes’ Square]. Divadlo Na zábradlí, Prague, directed by Juraj Nvota).
2005 Europäisches Festival des Debütromans (European Festival of the Debut Novel) in Kiel, Germany (the novel The Devil by the Nose)
2007 Lenka Reinerová scholarship, writer in residence, Wiesbaden, Germany (Literaturhaus Villa Clementine)
2007 Magnesia Litera Prize for the best prose work of the year (for the novel Money from Hitler)
2008 writer in residence, Berlin, Germany (Literarisches Colloquium Berlin)
2009 Magnesia Litera Prize for the best book in the category of non-fiction (for the documentary novel Death, Thou Shall Not Be Afraid: the Story of Petr Lébl)
2009 nominated for Josef Škvorecký Prize (for the documentary novel Death, Thou Shall not Be Afraid: the Story of Petr Lébl)
2009 nominated for the Angelus Central European Literary Prize, Poland (for the novel Money from Hitler)
2010 writer in residence, Graz, Austria (Kulturvermittlung Steiermark, Internationales Haus der Autoren Graz)
2011 Usedomer Literaturpreis (Usedom Literature Prize) awarded by German literary critics (for the novel Money from Hitler). Laudatio: Hellmuth Karasek.
2011 Magnesia Litera Prize for the best translation of Herta Müller’s Atemschaukel (Rozhoupaný dech)
2011 nominated for Josef Škvorecký Prize (for the double novel Kobold)
2011 writer in residence, Usedom (Ahlbeck, Ahlbecker Hof), Germany
2012 Annual Mladá fronta Publishing House Award for the translation of Herta Müller’s Herztier (Srdce bestie)
2012 Georg-Dehio-Buchpreis (Georg Dehio Book Prize), Germany, Berlin (for the novel Money from Hitler). Laudatio: Andreas Kossert.
2012 nominated for the Czech Book Prize (for the double novel Kobold)
2012 nominated for the Most Beautiful Book Prize (for graphic design), International Book Fair in Frankfurt am Main (the double novel Kobold)
2014 writer in residence, Škocjan on the Karst, Slovenia
2014 book mentioned in the Lidové noviny newspaper survey “Literary Event of the Year 2014” (for the novel A Contribution to the History of Joy)
2015 nominated for the Czech Book Prize (for the novel A Contribution to the History of Joy)
2016 WALD Press AWARD for literary work which not only explores new possibilities for the literary form of the novel itself, but also boldly breaks taboos by dealing with topics concerning especially the weak and vulnerable
2017 nomination for the Kulturhuset Stadsteatern international literary prize, Sweden
2017 Graz City Writer 2017/2018 prize, Graz, Austria